officially Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka,
formerly Ceylon, island republic in the Indian Ocean
off the south-eastern coast of India, a member of
the Commonwealth of Nations. Sri Lanka is separated
from India by the Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar.
Lying between the two nations is a chain of tiny islands
known as Adam's Bridge. Sri Lanka is somewhat pear-shaped,
with its apex in the north. The greatest length from
north to south is about 440 km (273 mi); the greatest
width is about 220 km (137 mi). The total area of
Sri Lanka is 65,610 sq km (25,326 sq mi). The capital
of Sri Lanka is the ancient city of Sri Jayavardhanapura-
Kotte ; Colombo is the largest city.
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